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Abstract Title:

Myricitrin exhibits antidepressant-like effects and reduces IL-6 hippocampal levels in the chronic mild stress model.

Abstract Source:

Behav Brain Res. 2022 07 5 ;429:113905. Epub 2022 Apr 28. PMID: 35490774

Abstract Author(s):

Marcela Pereira, Isadora P Siba, Alexandra Acco, Diego Correia, Fernanda R Lapa, Adair R S Santos, Ana P Ruani, Moacir G Pizzolatti, Roberto Andreatini

Article Affiliation:

Marcela Pereira

Abstract:

The flavonoid myricitrin showed an antidepressant-like effect in the tail suspension test and increased hippocampal neurogenesis, as well as demonstrating anti-inflammatory effects. Interestingly, inflammation has been linked to depression, and anti-inflammatory drugs showed promising results as antidepressant-like drugs. Thus, the present study evaluated the effects of myricitrin in the chronic mild stress (CMS) model, a translational and valid animal model of depression, using the mini-experiment design to improve the reproducibility of the findings. The sucrose preference test (SPT), forced swim test (FST), and tail suspension test (TST) were the readouts of depressive-like phenotypes induced by CMS. Relative adrenal weight was employed as an index of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation. Interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha levels were measured in the hippocampus. Myricitrin (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, for 14 days) reversed depressive-like behaviors induced by CMS (increased immobility in the FST, the TST and anhedonia), as well as decreased adrenal hypertrophy and hippocampal levels of IL-6 in stressed mice. Similar results were observed by imipramine (20 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, for 14 days), a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (positive control). A significant correlation was observed between immobility time in the TST, and hippocampal IL-6 levels. Hippocampal TNF-α levels were not affected by CMS or drug treatment. In conclusion, myricitrin exhibited an antidepressant-like profile in CMS, and this effect may be associated with its anti-inflammatory activity.

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