Abstract Title:

Effect of Mud-Bath Therapy on Serum Biomarkers in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Abstract Source:

Isr Med Assoc J. 2016 Mar-Apr;18(3-4):232-7. PMID: 27228651

Abstract Author(s):

Nicola A Pascarelli, Sara Cheleschi, Giovanni Bacaro, Giacomo M Guidelli, Mauro Galeazzi, Antonella Fioravanti

Article Affiliation:

Nicola A Pascarelli


BACKGROUND: Balneotherapy is one of the most commonly used non-pharmacological approaches for osteoarthritis (OA). Recent data indicate that some biomarkers could be useful to predict OA progression and to assess therapeutic response.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of mud-bath therapy on serum biomarkers in patients with knee OA.

METHODS: The study group comprised 103 patients with primary symptomatic bilateral knee OA who were randomly assigned to receive a cycle of mud-bath therapy over a period of 2 weeks or to continue their standard therapy alone. Clinical and biochemical parameters were assessed at baseline and after 2 weeks. Clinical assessments included global pain score on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index (WOMAC) subscores for knee OA. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide type II collagen (CTX-II), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) serum levels were assessed by ELISA.

RESULTS: At the end of mud-bath therapy we observed a statistically significant improvement in VAS and WOMAC subscores. Serum levels of COMP, MPO and hsCRP did not show any significant modification in either group, while a significant increase (P<0.001) in CTX-II serum levels was observed in the mud-bath group after the treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: A cycle of mud-bath therapy added to the usual treatment had a beneficial effect on pain and function in patients with knee OA. The evaluation of serum biomarkers showed a significant increase of CTX-II only, perhaps due to an increase of cartilage turnover induced by thermal stress.

Study Type : Human Study

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