Abstract Title:

Structure-based drug designing and identification of Woodfordia fruticosa inhibitors targeted against heat shock protein (HSP70-1) as suppressor for Imiquimod-induced psoriasis like skin inflammation in mice model.

Abstract Source:

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2019 Feb 1 ;95:57-71. Epub 2018 Oct 19. PMID: 30573271

Abstract Author(s):

Navdeep Raghuwanshi, Tara Chand Yadav, Amit Kumar Srivastava, Utkarsh Raj, Pritish Varadwaj, Vikas Pruthi

Article Affiliation:

Navdeep Raghuwanshi


Heat shock proteins (HSPs) emerged as a therapeutic target and it was observed that inhibition of HSP70-1 plays a pivotal role in the management of psoriasis. In-silico investigation involving techniques like molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation analysis was performed against HSP70-1. Further, anti-psoriatic activity of bioactive immunomodulatory compounds present in ethanolic extract of Woodfordia fruticosa flowers (Wffe) using combination of bioinformatics together with ethnopharmacological approach has been explored in this study. Myricetin (-8.024), Quercetin (-7.368) and Ellagic acid (-7.311) were the top three compounds with minimum energy levels as well as high therapeutic value/ADMET as compared to currently available marketed anti-psoriatic drug Tretinoin (-7.195). ADMET prediction was used to screen ligands for drug-likeness and efficacy. Further, biogenically Woodfordia fruticosa gold nanoparticles (WfAuNPs) were synthesized and characterized by UV-Visible Spectroscopy (UV-vis), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Zeta Potential, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) techniques. Synthesized WfAuNPs observed in the size range of 10-20 nm and were used to develop WfAuNPs-Carbopol®934 ointment gel. Subsequently, the therapeutic efficacy of WfAuNPs-Carbopol® 934 was checked against 5% Imiquimod-induced psoriasis like skin inflammation. WfAuNPs-Carbopol® 934 was found to be exerting better therapeutic effect in reducing the mean DAI score (0.63 ± 0.08), serum cytokines (TNF-α, IL-22 and IL-23) levels along with reduced epidermal thickness, parakeratosis and marked decrease in the hyperproliferation of keratinocytes. Results of the study revealed that the WfAuNPs-Carbopol® 934 could be an effective alternative treatment for psoriasis in near future.

Study Type : Animal Study

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