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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Vitamin C supports conversion of humanγδ T cells into FOXP3-expressing regulatory cells by epigenetic regulation.

Abstract Source:

Sci Rep. 2020 Apr 16 ;10(1):6550. Epub 2020 Apr 16. PMID: 32300237

Abstract Author(s):

Léonce Kouakanou, Christian Peters, Qiwei Sun, Stefan Floess, Jaydeep Bhat, Jochen Huehn, Dieter Kabelitz

Article Affiliation:

Léonce Kouakanou

Abstract:

Humanγδ T cells are potent cytotoxic effector cells, produce a variety of cytokines, and can acquire regulatory activity. Induction of FOXP3, the key transcription factor of regulatory T cells (Treg), by TGF-β in human Vγ9 Vδ2 T cells has been previously reported. Vitamin C is an antioxidant andacts as multiplier of DNA hydroxymethylation. Here we have investigated the effect of the more stable phospho-modified Vitamin C (pVC) on TGF-β-induced FOXP3 expression and the resulting regulatory activity of highly purified human Vγ9 Vδ2 T cells. pVC significantly increased the TGF-β-induced FOXP3 expression and stability and also increased the suppressive activity of Vγ9 Vδ2 T cells. Importantly, pVC induced hypomethylation of the Treg-specific demethylated region (TSDR) in the FOXP3 gene. Genome-wide methylation analysis by Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing additionally revealed differentially methylated regions in several important genes upon pVC treatment of γδ T cells. While Vitamin C also enhances effector functions of Vγ9 Vδ2 T cells in the absence of TGF-β, our results demonstrate that pVC potently increases the suppressive activity and FOXP3 expression in TGF-β-treated Vγ9 Vδ2 T cells by epigenetic modification of the FOXP3 gene.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Immunomodulatory : CK(4048) : AC(1475)

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