Abstract Title:

Urolithin A ameliorates diabetic retinopathy via activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

Abstract Source:

Endocr J. 2022 Mar 24. Epub 2022 Mar 24. PMID: 35321989

Abstract Author(s):

Zepeng Xu, Songtao Li, Kunmeng Li, Xiaoyu Wang, Xiaojie Li, Meixia An, Xiaoyi Yu, Xinguang Long, Ruiying Zhong, Qiuhong Liu, Xiaochuan Wang, Yan Yang, Ni Tian

Article Affiliation:

Zepeng Xu


Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a progressive microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus and is characterised by excessive inflammation and oxidative stress. Urolithin A (UA), a major metabolite of ellagic acid, exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant functions in various human diseases. This study, for the first time, uncovered the role of UA in DR pathogenesis. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were used to determine the effects of UA on blood glucose levels, retinal structures, inflammation, and oxidative stress. High glucose (HG)-induced human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were used to elucidate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant mechanisms of UA in DR in vitro. The in vivo experiments demonstrated that UA injection reduced blood glucose levels, decreased albumin and vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations, and ameliorated the injured retinal structures caused by DR. UA administration also inhibited inflammation and oxidative damage in the retinal tissues of diabetic rats. Similar anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of UA were observed in HRECs induced by HG. Furthermore, we found that UA elevated the levels of nuclear Nrf2 and HO-1 both in vivo and in vitro. Nrf2 silencing reversed the inhibitory effects of UA on inflammation and oxidative stress during DR progression. Together, our findings indicate that UA can ameliorate DR by repressing inflammation and oxidative stress via the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway, which suggests that UA could be an effective drug for clinical DR treatment.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.