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Abstract Title:

Effect of 0.4% Triphala and 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash on dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and microbial growth in 14-15-year-old schoolchildren: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Abstract Source:

J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2021 Nov-Dec;25(6):518-524. Epub 2021 Nov 1. PMID: 34898918

Abstract Author(s):

Ketaki Bhor, Vittaldas Shetty, Vikram Garcha, Kadambari Ambildhok, Vineet Vinay, Gargi Nimbulkar

Article Affiliation:

Ketaki Bhor


CONTEXT: A strong correlation exists between plaque and dental caries and periodontal diseases. Ayurvedic drugs have been used since ancient times; oral rinses made from these are used in periodontal therapy. Triphala is one of these with wide spectrum of activity.

AIMS: To assess and compare the effect of 0.4% Triphala and 0.12% chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash on dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and microbial count of,, and Lactobacilli from dental plaque sample of 14-15-year-old schoolchildren of Pune city during 90 days supervised use.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel-group clinical trial was conducted among 72 schoolchildren aged 14-15 years.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children were divided into two study groups: Group A with 0.4% Triphala mouthwash (= 36) and Group B with 0.12% CHX mouthwash (= 36). The plaque Index (Loe H [1967]), gingival index (Loe H and Silness J [1963]), and microbial analysis were recorded at baseline, 30 days, and 90 days interval.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Statistical analysis was done using unpaired-test for group-wise comparison and one-way analysis of variance test, followed by Tukey'stest for intragroup comparison.<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: The results showed that 0.4% Triphala and 0.12% CHX have similar inhibitory effect on plaque accumulation, gingivitis, and growth of,, and Lactobacilli.

CONCLUSION: Herbal mouthwash proved to be helpful in reducing plaque microbial counts, plaque, and gingival inflammation and opens new arenas in the field of herbal dentistry and chemical plaque control.

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