Abstract Title:

Punicalagin suppresses inflammation in ventilator-induced lung injury through protease-activated receptor-2 inhibition-induced inhibition of NLR family pyrin domain containing-3 inflammasome activation.

Abstract Source:

Chem Biol Drug Des. 2022 Apr 17. Epub 2022 Apr 17. PMID: 35434894

Abstract Author(s):

Wei Zhang, Qi Zhu

Article Affiliation:

Wei Zhang


Punicalagin is recorded to be a potent anti-inflammatory drug, while its effect on inflammation existing in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) requires further verification. Rats were pretreated with punicalagin, followed by VILI modeling. Lung histopathological examination was performed with hematoxylin-eosin staining accompanied by the lung injury score. The lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio and total bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) protein level were measured. After transfection with protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) overexpression plasmids, mouse alveolar epithelial MLE-12 cells were treated with punicalagin and then subjected to cyclic stretching. Punicalagin's cytotoxicity to MLE-12 cells were measured by MTT assay. The levels of inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6), PAR2, NLR family pyrin domain containing-3 (NLRP3), and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) in the BALF, lung tissues or cells were analyzed by enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA), qRT-PCR or/and western blot. Punicalagin treatment attenuated VILI-induced lung histopathological changes and counteracted VILI-induced increases in the lung injury score, W/D weight ratio and total protein level in BALF. Also, punicalagin treatment counteracted in vivo VILI/cyclic stretching-induced increases in the levels of PAR2, inflammatorycytokines, NLRP3, and ASC. PAR2 overexpression potentiated the cyclic stretching-induced effects, while punicalagin treatment revoked this PAR2 overexpression-induced potentiation effect. In turn, PAR2 overexpression partly resisted the punicalagin treatment-induced counteractive effects on the cyclic stretching-induced effects. Punicalagin suppresses inflammation in VILI through PAR2 inhibition-induced inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

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