Abstract Title:

Olive oil effectively mitigates ovariectomy-induced marrow adiposity assessed by MR spectroscopy in estrogen-deficient rabbits.

Abstract Source:

Acta Radiol. 2021 Jan 26:284185120986937. Epub 2021 Jan 26. PMID: 33497273

Abstract Author(s):

Yin Liu, Huayi Tan, Can Huang, Lifeng Li, Sijie Wu

Article Affiliation:

Yin Liu


BACKGROUND: Polyphenols in extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) have been found to reduce the expression of PPARγ2, inhibit adipocyte differentiation, and enhance the formation of osteoblasts from bone marrow stem cells. However, the underlying mechanisms of their action remain unknown.

PURPOSE: To determine the sequential effects of EVOO on marrow fat expansion induced by estrogen deprivation using 3.0-T proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy in an ovariectomy (OVX) rabbit model of postmenopausal bone loss over a six-month period.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 45 female New Zealand rabbits were equally divided into sham-operation, OVX controls, and OVX treated with EVOO for six months. Marrow fat fraction was measured by MR spectroscopy at baseline conditions, and three and six months postoperatively, respectively. Serum bone biomarkers, lumbar and femoral bone mineral density, microtomographic parameters, biomechanical properties, and quantitative parameters of marrow adipocytes were studied.

RESULTS: OVX was associated with marrow adiposity in a time-dependent manner, accompanied with increased bone turnover and impaired bone mass and trabecular microarchitecture. In OVX rabbits, EVOO markedly alleviated trabecular bone loss and reduced the accumulation of lipid droplets including adipocyte size, density, and areas of fat deposits in the bone marrow. EVOO prevented such changes in terms of both marrow adiposity and bone remodeling.

CONCLUSION: Early EVOO treatment may exert beneficial effects on bone by modulating marrow adiposity, which would support their protective effect against bone pathologies.

Study Type : Animal Study

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