Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Mechanisms of nordihydroguaiaretic acid-induced growth inhibition and apoptosis in human cancer cells.

Abstract Source:

Br J Cancer. 2002 Apr 8 ;86(7):1188-96. PMID: 11953870

Abstract Author(s):

T Seufferlein, M J Seckl, E Schwarz, M Beil, G v Wichert, H Baust, H Lührs, R M Schmid, G Adler

Article Affiliation:

T Seufferlein


Lipoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid can act as growth promoting factors for various cancer cell lines. Here we demonstrate that the 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor nordihydroguaiaretic acid potently inhibits anchorage-independent growth of human pancreatic and cervical cancer cells in soft agar and delays growth of pancreatic and cervical tumours established in athymic mice. Furthermore, nordihydroguaiaretic acid induces apoptosis of these cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Potential mechanisms mediating these effects of nordihydroguaiaretic acid were examined. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid had no inhibitory effect on growth and survival signals such as tyrosine phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor or basal and growth factor-stimulated activities of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, p70(s6k) and AKT but selectively inhibited expression of cyclin D1 in the cancer cells. In addition, treatment with nordihydroguaiaretic acid lead to a disruption of the filamentous actin cytoskeleton in human pancreatic and cervical cancer cells which was accompanied by the activation of Jun-NH(2)-terminal kinase and p38(mapk). Similar effects were obtained by treatment of the cancer cells with cytochalasin D. These results suggest that nordihydroguaiaretic acid induces anoikis-like apoptosis as a result of disruption of the actin cytoskeleton in association with the activation of stress activated protein kinases. In conclusion, nordihydroguaiaretic acid could constitute a lead compound in the development of novel therapeutic agents for various types of cancer.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.