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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Inhibitory effect of tanshinone IIA, resveratrol and silibinin on enterovirus 68 production through inhibiting ATM and DNA-PK pathway.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2022 Feb 19 ;99:153977. Epub 2022 Feb 19. PMID: 35305353

Abstract Author(s):

Ying Su, Ting Wu, Xiao-Yan Yu, Wen-Bo Huo, Shao-Hua Wang, Chen Huan, Yu-Meng Liu, Jin-Ming Liu, Min-Na Cui, Xin-Hua Li, Jing-Hua Yu

Article Affiliation:

Ying Su

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Human enterovirus 68 (EV68) is a primary etiological agent for respiratory illnesses, while no effective drug has yet used in clinics largely because the pathogenesis of EV68 is not clear. DNA damage response (DDR) responds to cellular DNA breaks and is also involved in viral replication. Three DDR pathways includes ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM), ATM and Rad3-related (ATR), and DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK). Natural products proved to be an excellent source for the discovery and isolation of novel antivirals. Among them, tanshinone IIA, resveratrol, silibinin, rutin and quercetin are reported to target DDR, therefore their roles in anti-EV68 are investigated in this study.

PURPOSE: This study investigated the anti-EV68 ability of various natural compounds related to DDR.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The methods include cell counting, flow cytometry, western blot, Immunofluorescence staining, comet assays, quantitative real-time RT PCR and short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) for analysis of cell number, cell cycle, protein expression, protein location, DNA damage, mRNA level and knock down target gene, respectively.

RESULTS: EV68 infection induced DDR. Down-regulation or inhibition of ATM or DNA-PK lowered DDR in EV68-infected cells and mitigated viral protein expression, however, down-regulation or inhibition of ATR unexpectedly up-regulated DDR, and promoted viral protein expression. Meanwhile tanshinone IIA, resveratrol, and silibinin inhibited ATM and/or DNA-PK activation and decreased viral proliferation, while rutin and quercetin inhibited ATR activation and promoted viral production. The role of them in ATM, DNA-PK and ATR activation was consistent with previous reports.

CONCLUSION: Tanshinone IIA, resveratrol and silibinin inhibited EV68 proliferation through inhibiting ATM and/or DNA-PK activation, and they were effective anti-EV68 candidates.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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