Abstract Title:

Human umbilical cord is a unique and safe source of various types of stem cells suitable for treatment of hematological diseases and for regenerative medicine.

Abstract Source:

Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2012 Mar 23. Epub 2012 Mar 23. PMID: 22446302

Abstract Author(s):

Elvira Pelosi, Germana Castelli, Ugo Testa


Cord blood (CB) is a rich source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and for this reason CB transplantation has been used successfully for the treatment of some malignant and nonmalignant diseases. However, this technique is limited by the relatively low number of HSCs present in each CB unit and by the delayed engraftment of platelets and neutrophils. To bypass these obstacles efforts have been made to develop strategies to expand CB HSCs in vitro for transplantation. CB is also an important source of other stem cells, including endothelial progenitors, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), very small embryonic/epiblast-like (VSEL) stem cells, and unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSC), potentially suitable for use in regenerative medicine. For some of these stem cell populations, such as MSCs, clinical studies have been started and for other stem cell populations potential clinical applications have been identified and clinical studies will follow. In addition to CB, other parts of umbilical cord, such as the Wharton's jelly, or tissues strictly linked such as the placenta are also rich sources of stem cells.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Placentophagy : CK(9) : AC(6)

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Sayer Ji
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