Abstract Title:

The immunomodulation of endotoxin-induced acute lung injury by hesperidin in vivo and in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2007 Apr 24;80(20):1821-31. Epub 2007 Feb 3. PMID: 17400256

Abstract Author(s):

Chia-Chou Yeh, Shang-Jyh Kao, Chih-Che Lin, Shulhn-Der Wang, Ching-Ju Liu, Shung-Te Kao


To investigate the modulation of lung local immune responses of hesperidin (HES) on the acute lung inflammation induced by LPS in vivo. Mice were challenged with intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (100 microg) 30 min before with treatment hesperidin (200 mg/kg oral administration) or vehicle. After 4 and 24 h, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was obtained to measure proinflammatory (TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6), anti-inflammatory (IL-10, IL-4, IL-12) cytokines, chemokines (KC, MCP-1 and MIP-2), total cell counts, nitric oxide production, and proteins. Lung histology was performed in inflated-fixed lungs. Hesperidin downregulate the LPS-induced expression of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, KC, MIP-2, MCP-1, and IL-12. It also enhanced the production of IL-4, IL-10. Total leukocyte counts; nitric oxide production, iNOS expression, and proteins were significantly decreased by hesperidin. In vitro, HES suppressed the expression of IL-8 on A549 cells and THP-1 cells, the expression of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6 on THP-1 cells, the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on A549 cells which effect cell adhesion function. The suppression of those molecules is controlled by NF-kappaB and AP-1, which are activated by I kappa B and MAPK pathways. HES inhibits those pathways, thereby suppressing the expression of IL-8, TNFalpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-12, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. This study indicates that HES had a markedly immunomodulatory effect in a clinically relevant model of ARDS. Nevertheless, further investigations are required to determine the potential clinical usefulness of HES in the adjunctive therapy of ARDS.


Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.