Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Harmine Alleviates Titanium Particle-Induced Inflammatory Bone Destruction by Immunomodulatory Effect on the Macrophage Polarization and Subsequent Osteogenic Differentiation.

Abstract Source:

Front Immunol. 2021 ;12:657687. Epub 2021 May 17. PMID: 34079546

Abstract Author(s):

Liangliang Wang, Qing Wang, Wei Wang, Gaoran Ge, Nanwei Xu, Dong Zheng, Shijie Jiang, Gongyin Zhao, Yaozeng Xu, Yuji Wang, Ruixia Zhu, Dechun Geng

Article Affiliation:

Liangliang Wang


Peri-prosthetic osteolysis (PPO) and following aseptic loosening are regarded as the prime reasons for implant failure after joint replacement. Increasing evidence indicated that wear-debris-irritated inflammatory response and macrophage polarization state play essential roles in this osteolytic process. Harmine, aβ-carboline alkaloid primitively extracted from theseeds, has been reported to have various pharmacological effects on monoamine oxidase action, insulin intake, vasodilatation and central nervous systems. However, the impact of harmine on debris-induced osteolysis has not been demonstrated, and whether harmine participates in regulating macrophage polarization and subsequent osteogenic differentiation in particle-irritated osteolysis remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of harmine on titanium (Ti) particle-induced osteolysisand. The results suggested harmine notably alleviated Ti particle-induced bone resorption in a murine PPO model. Harmine was also found to suppress the particle-induced inflammatory response and shift the polarization of macrophages from M1 phenotypes to M2 phenotypesand, which improved anti-inflammatory and bone-related cytokines levels. In the conditioned medium from Ti particle-stimulated murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells treated with harmine, the osteoblast differentiation ability of mouse pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells was greatly increased. And we also provided evidences that the immunomodulatory capacity of harmine might be attributed to the inhibition of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in wear particle-treated macrophages. All the results strongly show that harmine might be a promising therapeutic agent to treat PPO.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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