Abstract Title:

Folic acid supplementation and cell kinetics of rectal mucosa in patients with ulcerative colitis.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1997 Jun;6(6):469-71. PMID: 9184782

Abstract Author(s):

G Biasco, U Zannoni, G M Paganelli, R Santucci, P Gionchetti, G Rivolta, R Miniero, L Pironi, C Calabrese, G Di Febo, M Miglioli


It has been suggested that colon cancer risk in ulcerative colitis (UC) is correlated to a reduced bioavailability of folate. We studied the effects of folate supplementation on the pattern of rectal cell proliferation in patients affected by long-standing UC. In the rectal mucosa of these patients, an expansion of proliferating cells to the crypt surface is found frequently. This abnormality is considered an intermediate biomarker in chemoprevention trials. Twenty-four patients (13 males; age, 26-70 years; UC duration, 7-34 years) with UC in remission for 1 month at least were assigned randomly to one of the following treatments: (a) folinic acid (15 mg/day) or (b) placebo. Cell proliferation was analyzed through immunohistochemistry on sections of rectal biopsies incubated for 1 hour in a culture medium containing bromodeoxyuridine. Fragments were taken at admission to the study and after 3 months of treatment. As compared to the baseline values, after 3 months of therapy in patients treated with folinic acid, a significant reduction of the frequency of occurrence of labeled cells in the upper 40% of the crypts (phi h value) was observed (0.1836 +/- 0.0278 versus 0.1023 +/- 0.0255; P < 0.01). On the contrary, no significant proliferative changes were observed in the placebo group. These results suggest that folate supplementation contributes to regulating rectal cell proliferation in patients with long-standing UC. These findings may be significant for chemoprevention of colon cancer in these patients.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.