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Abstract Title:

Efficacy of Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate in Preventing Dermatitis in Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Postoperative Radiotherapy: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial.

Abstract Source:

JAMA Dermatol. 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1. PMID: 35648426

Abstract Author(s):

Hanxi Zhao, Wanqi Zhu, Xianguang Zhao, Xiaolin Li, Zhengbo Zhou, Meizhu Zheng, Xiangjiao Meng, Lingling Kong, Shuyu Zhang, Dan He, Ligang Xing, Jinming Yu

Article Affiliation:

Hanxi Zhao

Abstract:

Importance: Safe and effective prophylactic therapies for radiation-induced dermatitis (RID) remain an unmet need.

Objective: To determine if epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) solution reduces the incidence of RID in patients undergoing radiotherapy after breast cancer surgery.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This phase 2 double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial enrolled 180 patients with breast cancer receiving postoperative radiotherapy at Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute in Shandong, China, between November 2014 and June 2019. Data analysis was performed from September 2019 to January 2020.

Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive either EGCG solution (660μmol/L) or placebo (0.9% NaCl saline) sprayed to the whole radiation field from day 1 of the radiation until 2 weeks after radiation completion.

Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was incidence of grade 2 or worse RID, defined by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group scale. The secondary end points included RID index (RIDI), symptom index, changes in the skin temperature measured by infrared thermal images, and safety.

Results: A total of 180 eligible patients were enrolled, of whom 165 (EGCG, n = 111; placebo, n = 54) were evaluable for efficacy (median [range] age, 46 [26-67] years). The occurrence of grade 2 or worse RID was significantly lower (50.5%; 95% CI, 41.2%-59.8%) in the EGCG group than in the placebo group (72.2%; 95% CI, 60.3%-84.1%) (P = .008). The mean RIDI in the EGCG group was significantly lower than that in the placebo group. Furthermore, symptom indexes were significantly lower in patients receiving EGCG. Four patients (3.6%) had adverse events related to the EGCG treatment, including grade 1 pricking skin sensation (3 [2.7%]) and pruritus (1 [0.9%]).

Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, prophylactic use of EGCG solution significantly reduced the incidence and severity of RID in patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy for breast cancer. It has the potential to become a new choice of skin care for patients receiving radiotherapy.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02580279.

Study Type : Human Study

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Sayer Ji
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