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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Effect of Low-Dose Gamma Radiation and Lipoic Acid on High- Radiation-Dose Induced Rat Brain Injuries.

Abstract Source:

Dose Response. 2021 Oct-Dec;19(4):15593258211044845. Epub 2021 Nov 5. PMID: 34759786

Abstract Author(s):

Nahed Abdel-Aziz, Ahmed A Elkady, Eman M Elgazzar

Article Affiliation:

Nahed Abdel-Aziz

Abstract:

Aim: This work aims to investigate the possible radio-adaptive mechanisms induced by low-dose (LD) whole-bodyγ-irradiation alone or combined with alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) administration in modulating high-dose (HD) head irradiation-induced brain injury in rats.

Materials and Methods: Rats were irradiated with LD (.25 Gy) 24 hours prior HD (20 Gy), and subjected to ALA (100 mg/kg/day) 5 minutes after HD and continued for 10 days. At the end of the experiment, animals were sacrificed and brain samples were dissected for biochemical and histopathological examinations.

Results: HD irradiation-induced brain injury as manifested by elevation of oxidative stress, DNA damage, apoptotic, and inflammatory markers in brain tissue. Histological examination of brain sections showed marked alterations. However, LD alone or combined with ALA ameliorated the changes induced by HD.

Conclusion: Under the present experimental conditions, LD whole-body irradiation exhibited neuroprotective activity against detrimental effects of a subsequent HD head irradiation. This effect might be due to the adaptive response induced by LD that activated the anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms in the affected animals making them able to cope with the subsequent high-dose exposure. However, the combined LD exposure and ALA supplementation produced a further modulating effect in the HD-irradiated rats.

Study Type : Animal Study

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