n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Cyanidin attenuates the apoptosis of rat nucleus pulposus cells and the degeneration of intervertebral disc via the JAK2/STAT3 signal pathwayand.

Abstract Source:

Pharm Biol. 2022 Dec ;60(1):427-436. PMID: 35175176

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaoliang Bai, Meichao Jiang, Jie Wang, Shuai Yang, Zhiwei Liu, Hongxin Zhang, Xiaojuan Zhu

Article Affiliation:

Xiaoliang Bai

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Cyanidin has been shown to have therapeutic potential in osteoarthritis. However, it is unclear whether cyanidin prevents the progression of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD).

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effects of cyanidin on IVDDand.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) isolated from lumbar IVD of 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were exposed to 20 ng/mL IL-1β, and then treated with different doses (0-120 µM) of cyanidin for 24 h. SD rats were classified into three groups ( = 8) and treated as follows: control (normal saline), IVDD (vehicle), IVDD + cyanidin (50 mg/kg). Cyanidin was administered intraperitoneally for 8 weeks.

RESULTS: The ICof cyanidin for NPCs was 94.78 µM, and cyanidin had no toxicity at concentrations up to 500 mg/kg in SD rats. Cyanidin inhibited the apoptosis of NPCs induced by IL-1β (12.73 ± 0.61% vs. 18.54 ± 0.60%), promoted collagen II (0.82-fold) and aggrecan (0.81-fold) expression, while reducing MMP-13 (1.02-fold) and ADAMTS-5 (1.40-fold) expression. Cyanidin increased the formation of autophagosomes in IL-1β-induced NPCs, and promoted LC3II/LC3I (0.83-fold) and beclin-1 (0.85-fold) expression, which could be reversed by chloroquine. Cyanidin inhibited the phosphorylation of JAK2 (0.47-fold) and STAT3 (0.53-fold) in IL-1β-induced NPCs. The effects of cyanidin could be enhanced by AG490. Furthermore, cyanidin mitigated disc degeneration in IVDD rats.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Cyanidin improved the function of NPCs in IVDD by regulating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway, which may provide a novel alternative strategy for IVDD. The mechanism of cyanidin improving IVDD still needs further work for in-depth investigation.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.