Abstract Title:

Cytoprotective effect of curcumin in human proximal tubule epithelial cells exposed to shiga toxin.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Apr 27;283(1):36-41. PMID: 11322764

Abstract Author(s):

A Sood, R Mathew, H Trachtman

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pediatrics, Schneider Children's Hospital of the North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, New York, 11040-1432, USA.


We conducted the following experiments to determine whether curcumin, an antioxidant compound extracted from the spice tumeric, inhibits cell death induced by Shiga toxin (Stx) 1 and 2 in HK-2 cells, a human proximal tubule cell line. Cells were incubated for 24-48 h with Stx1 or Stx2, 0-100 ng/ml. Test media contained either no further additives or 10-50 microM curcumin. Exposure to Stx1 and Stx2, 100 ng/ml, reduced cell viability to approximately 25% of control values after 24 h and 20 microM curcumin restored viability to nearly 75% of control. Cell staining confirmed that Stx1 and Stx2-induced damage in HK-2 cells involved a combination of apoptosis and necrosis. Thus, Stx1 caused apoptosis and necrosis in 12.2 +/- 2.2 and 12.7 +/- 0.9% of HK-2 cells, respectively. Similarly, Stx2 caused apoptosis and necrosis in 13.4 +/- 2.1 and 9.0 +/- 0.5% of HK-2 cells, respectively. Addition of 20 microM curcumin decreased the extent of apoptosis and necrosis to 2.9 +/- 2.0 and 3.8 +/- 0.2%, respectively in the presence of Stx1 and to 3.0 +/- 2.1 and 3.9 +/- 0.3%, respectively, for Stx2 (P<0.01). Stx-induced apoptosis and its inhibition by curcumin were confirmed by DNA gel electrophoresis and by an assay for fragmentation. The protective effect of curcumin against Stx1 and Stx2-induced injury to HK-2 was not related to its antioxidant properties. Instead, curcumin enhanced expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in HK-2 cells under control conditions and after exposure to Stx1 or Stx2. No injury was detectable after incubation of LLC-PK(1) or OK cells, non-human proximal tubule cell lines, with Stx1 or Stx2. Thus, curcumin inhibits Stx-induced apoptosis and necrosis in HK-2 cells in vitro. The cytoprotective effect of curcumin against Stx-induced injury in cultured human proximal tubule epithelial cells may be a consequence of increased expression of HSP70.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.