Abstract Title:

Conjugated linoleic acid downregulates insulin-like growth factor-I receptor levels in HT-29 human colon cancer cells.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr. 2003 Aug;133(8):2675-81. PMID: 12888657

Abstract Author(s):

Eun Ji Kim, Il-Jun Kang, Han Jin Cho, Woo Kyoung Kim, Yeong-Lae Ha, Jung Han Yoon Park

Article Affiliation:

Division of Life Sciences, Hallym University, Chunchon, 200-702, Korea.


Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has chemoprotective properties in a variety of experimental cancer models. We have previously observed that dietary CLA inhibits colon tumorigenesis induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats. In addition, our in vitro studies have shown that CLA inhibits DNA synthesis and induces apoptosis in HT-29 cells, the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system regulates the growth of HT-29 cells by an autocrine mechanism. The present study examined whether the growth inhibitory effect of CLA is related to changes in the IGF system in HT-29 cells. To determine whether CLA inhibits IGF-II production, HT-29 cells were incubated in serum-free medium in the presence of various concentrations of CLA. CLA decreased protein levels of both mature and pro IGF-II and IGF-II transcripts. Whereas exogenous IGF-I and IGF-II produced an increase in cell number, neither IGF-I nor IGF-II counteracted the negative growth regulatory effect of CLA. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis of total cell lysates revealed that CLA decreased IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) transcript and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner. Immunoprecipitation/Western blot studies revealed that CLA inhibited IGF-I-induced phosphorylation of IGF-IR and insulin-receptor substrate (IRS)-1, recruitment of the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to IGF-IR, IGF-IR-associated PI3K activity, and phosphorylated Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2 levels. In conclusion, the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis by CLA in HT-29 cells may be mediated in part by its ability to decrease IGF-II synthesis and to downregulate IGF-IR signaling and the PI3K/Akt and ERK-1/2 pathways.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.