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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Chrysin reduces inflammation and oxidative stress and improves ovarian function in D-gal-induced premature ovarian failure.

Abstract Source:

Bioengineered. 2022 Apr ;13(4):8291-8301. PMID: 35311454

Abstract Author(s):

Xinning Li, Xuelan Li, Ling Deng

Article Affiliation:

Xinning Li

Abstract:

Premature ovarian failure (POF), a frequently occurring pathology. Chrysin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and other pharmacological activities. This study was designed to detect the effect of Chrysin on POF. The establishment of POF was depended on the subcutaneous injection of D-gal (200 mg/kg/d). With the adoption of ELISA, the levels of hormones and release of inflammatory cytokines were assayed. The expression of MDA, GSH-px, SOD and ROS was evaluated with corresponding kits. In addition, the pathological changes of ovary and apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells in D-gal-induced mice were detected using H&E staining and TUNEL, respectively. Moreover, the levels of FSH receptor and apoptosis-related proteins were measured with western blot. Finally, ERβ expression was measured with RT-qPCR and western blot. In this study, we found that chrysin regulated the expression of hormones and weight of D-gal-induced mice. It was also found that chrysin inhibited the inflammation and oxidative stress in mice with D-gal induction. In addition, the number and advancement of follicle in D-gal-induced mice treated with chrysin revealed that chrysin could improve the ovarian function of mice with POF. Furthermore, chrysin exhibited inhibitory effects on the apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells in D-gal-induced mice. More importantly, chrysin molecule targeted ERβ and activated ERβ expression in POF. Overall, Chrysin reduces inflammation and oxidative stress and improves ovarian function in D-gal-induced premature ovarian failure, suggesting that chrysin is valuable for the treatment of POF.

Study Type : Animal Study

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