Abstract Title:

Vaccinia keratouveitis manifesting as a masquerade syndrome.

Abstract Source:

Am J Ophthalmol. 1994 Apr 15 ;117(4):480-7. PMID: 8154530

Abstract Author(s):

S F Lee, R Buller, E Chansue, W C Hanika, E M Brunt, T Aquino, G A Storch, J S Pepose

Article Affiliation:

S F Lee


A patient who used contact lenses and had a history of blunt trauma developed vaccinia keratouveitis after accidental ocular autoinoculation from a recent vaccination site. Corneal and conjunctival cultures were taken for bacteria, fungi, Acanthamoeba, and viruses. Viral-like cytopathic effects became evident in tissue culture within three days. Immunofluorescence studies were negative for varicella-zoster virus, herpes simplex virus, adenovirus, measles, mumps, parainfluenza, and influenza. Pox viral particles were identified in the infected tissue cultures by electron microscopy. The Hind III restriction endonuclease profile of the viral DNA isolate was similar to the Lister strain of vaccinia virus. Ocular vaccinia may manifest as a masquerade syndrome and may mimic signs of herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, and Acanthamoeba infection. Although vaccination with vaccinia is currently limited to a few populations throughout the world, vaccinia must still be considered in the differential diagnosis of infectious keratouveitis.

Study Type : Human: Case Report

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.