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Abstract Title:

Carnosine improves cognitive impairment through promoting SIRT6 expression and inhibiting ER stress in a diabetic encephalopathy model.

Abstract Source:

Rejuvenation Res. 2022 Mar 18. Epub 2022 Mar 18. PMID: 35302398

Abstract Author(s):

Dong Peng, Xia Qing, Li Guan, Hong-Ying Li, Lijun Qiao, Yun-Bo Chen, Ye-Feng Cai, Qi Wang, Shi-Jie Zhang

Article Affiliation:

Dong Peng

Abstract:

Diabetic encephalopathy is one of complications of diabetes mellitus. Carnosine is a dipeptide composed ofβ-alanine and L-histidine. Study has shown that carnosine could ameliorate cognitive impairment in animal model with diabetes mellitus. However, the mechanism remains unclear. An animal model of type 2 diabetes (db/db mice) was used in this study. The animals were treated with 0.9 % saline or carnosine (100 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Morris water maze was tested after drug administration. Oxidative stress-related factors malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), and pro-inflammatory factors inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were measured. Synapse-related protein postsynapticdensity 95 (PSD95) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were detected by western blot. Besides, the expressions of sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), binding immunoglobulin protein (BIP), protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), phospho-protein kinaseR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (P-PERK), inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (IRE1α), phospho-inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (P-IRE1α), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP) in the hippocampus of the brain were detected. The results showed that treatment with carnosine ameliorated cognitive impairment in db/db mice. Carnosine reduced neuronal oxidative stress damage and iNOS expression in db/db mice. Meanwhile, carnosine relieved neurodegeneration in the hippocampus of db/db mice. Furthermore, carnosine promoted the expression of SIRT6 and reduced the expressions of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) related factors (BIP, P-PERK, P-IRE1α, ATF6, CHOP). In conclusion, these data suggested that the protective effect of carnosine against diabetic encephalopathy might be related to SIRT6/ER stress pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

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