Abstract Title:

Cannabinoid type 1 receptor antagonism delays ascites formation in rats with cirrhosis.

Abstract Source:

Gastroenterology. 2009 Jul;137(1):341-9. Epub 2009 Jan 14. PMID: 19208344

Abstract Author(s):

Marco Domenicali, Paolo Caraceni, Ferdinando Giannone, Anna Maria Pertosa, Alessandro Principe, Andrea Zambruni, Franco Trevisani, Tiziano Croci, Mauro Bernardi


BACKGROUND&AIMS: Endocannabinoids contribute to hemodynamic abnormalities of cirrhosis. Whether this favors renal sodium retention and ascites formation is unknown. We determined whether cannabinoid type 1 receptor antagonism prevents sodium retention and ascites formation in preascitic cirrhotic rats. METHODS: Once renal sodium handling was impaired, rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis were randomized to receive either vehicle or rimonabant (3 [group 1] or 10 [group 2] mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) for 2 weeks. Natriuresis, sodium intake, and sodium balance were measured daily. At the end of the protocol, systemic hemodynamics, renal blood flow, ascites volume, and liver fibrosis were assessed. RESULTS: A significant reduction in ascites formation (group 1: 54%; group 2: 10%; vehicle: 90%) and volume (group 1: 1.6 +/- 0.3 mL; group 2: 0.5 mL; vehicle: 5.5 +/- 0.8 mL) occurred in treated rats. Rimonabant significantly improved sodium balance during week 2 (group 1: 0.98 +/- 0.08 mmol; group 2: 0.7 +/- 0.08 mmol; vehicle: 3.05 +/- 0.11 mmol). Both treated groups showed lower cardiac output and higher mean arterial pressure, peripheral vascular resistance, and renal blood flow (P<.05). Liver fibrosis was reduced in group 2 by 30% (P<.05 vs vehicle). Mean arterial pressure inversely correlated with sodium balance (R = -0.61; P = .003), but not with fibrosis score. CONCLUSIONS: Rimonabant improves sodium balance and delays decompensation in preascitic cirrhosis. This is achieved though an improvement in systemic and renal hemodynamics, although it cannot be excluded that the antifibrotic effect of the drug may play a role.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.