n/a
Abstract Title:

Bisphenol S exposure induces intestinal inflammation: An integrated metabolomic and transcriptomic study.

Abstract Source:

Chemosphere. 2021 Dec 31 ;292:133510. Epub 2021 Dec 31. PMID: 34979203

Abstract Author(s):

Junjie Ao, Yongjie Liu, Weifeng Tang, Jun Zhang

Article Affiliation:

Junjie Ao

Abstract:

As a typical substitute for bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol S (BPS) is raising concerns due to the potential adverse effects on human health. Limit evidence is available to understand the toxicity of BPS to the digestive system, especially for intestine. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential effects and underlying mechanisms of BPS exposure on human colon mucosal epithelial cells (NCM460). Our results showed that BPS exposure significantly increased the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A). The tight junctions of the cells has been destroyed by BPS exposure, which was characterized by a down-regulation of the tight junction proteins (Claudin1 and zonula occluden 1 (ZO1)). A multi-omics study explored the underlying mechanisms based on the metabolomic and transcriptomic responses. A variety of neurotransmitters increased significantly after exposure to BPS. The top enriched pathway was "glutamatergic synapse", which was activated by BPS exposure, resulting in the up-regulation of l-glutamine. Links were observed among the altered metabolites, genes and cytokines. Our results indicate that exposure to BPS may disturb the balance of gut-brain axis, leading to the production of inflammatory cytokines and the destruction of tight junction in NCM460 cells. It provides new clue for the development of intestinal inflammation in terms of the environmental pollutants.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.