Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Baicalin Ameliorates Inflammatory Response in a Mouse Model of Rhinosinusitis via Regulating the Treg/Th17 Balance.

Abstract Source:

Ear Nose Throat J. 2021 Jan 28:145561320986058. Epub 2021 Jan 28. PMID: 33507111

Abstract Author(s):

Ming Yang, Xiaoyan Zhu, Feida Fu, Qinghua Guo, Xiaopu Zhu, Yang Xu, Xiaotian Yan, Xinya He, Xu Wang

Article Affiliation:

Ming Yang


OBJECTIVE: Rhinosinusitis is a global health problem affecting millions of people around the world. Baicalin is a bioactive compound isolated from medicinal plantGeorgi. The present study aims to investigate potential effects of baicalin on clinicopathological changes in nasal/sinus mucosa in a mouse model.

METHODS: A mouse model of sinonasal inflammation induced by high dose of ovalbumin was applied to evaluate effects of baicalin. Rhinosinusitis symptoms, histopathological features, levels of histamine, immunoglobulin E (IgE), IL-17A, IL-10, and balance of regulatory T cell (Treg)/T-helper 17 (Th17) responses were examined.

RESULTS: Baicalin significantly relieved rhinosinusitis symptoms in mice, reduced histopathological changes, and suppressed serum levels of histamine and IgE in a dose-dependent manner. In lymphocytes of mice, baicalin modulated balance of Treg/Th17 proportions by attenuating Th17 cells and enhancing Treg cells, respectively. The serum IL-17A was decreased and IL-10 was increased in mice treated by baicalin. In addition, baicalin promoted levels of Smad protein 3 (p-Smad3) and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) to promote Treg cells while suppressed levels of p-Stat3 and retineic-acid-receptor-related orphan nuclear receptorγt () to inhibit Th17 cells.

CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that baicalin effectively ameliorates sinonasal inflammation in a mouse model by recovering the immunological balance of Treg/Th17 responses. Our finding highlights the potential value of baicalin for the treatment of rhinosinusitis.

Study Type : Animal Study

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