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Abstract Title:

Anti-Inflammatory and Antimicrobial Activities of Fermented Ocimum sanctum Linn. Extracts against Skin and Scalp Microorganisms.

Abstract Source:

Chem Biodivers. 2022 Feb ;19(2):e202100799. Epub 2022 Jan 13. PMID: 34935261

Abstract Author(s):

Wantida Chaiyana, Chanun Punyoyai, Suwannee Sriyab, Adchara Prommaban, Sasithorn Sirilun, Jakkrawut Maitip, Panuwan Chantawannakul, Waranya Neimkhum, Songyot Anuchapreeda

Article Affiliation:

Wantida Chaiyana

Abstract:

This study aimed to revealed anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of fermented Ocimum sanctum Linn. (FE). The fermentation process with Lactobacillus plantarum was compared with the solvent extraction methods. Antimicrobial activity against the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes, Candida albicans, and Malassezia furfur was investigated via broth dilution method. High performance thin layer chromatography was used to determine eugenol content. The anti-inflammation was investigated by means of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) expression inhibition by Western blot analysis. FE yielded the highest amount (11.93 % w/w), the highest eugenol content (39.3±12.6 % w/w), and the highest antimicrobial activities comparing to the extracts obtained from the solvent extractions. The fungal inhibition against M. furfur 656 was equivalent to that of ketoconazole. Furthermore, the bacterial inhibition on S. aureus and S. epidermidis was compared to that of Penicillin G at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.125 mg/mL and 0.25 mg/mL, respectively. Interestingly, FE had lower MIC and minimum bactericidalconcentration against P. acnes than Penicillin G and also possessed comparable anti-inflammatory activity to indomethacin with the NF-κB suppression of 42.7±4.6 %. Therefore, FE are potentially natural anti-inflammation and antimicrobial agents for topical applications in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.

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