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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 induces stable and reproducible therapeutic tolerogenic dendritic cells with specific epigenetic modifications.

Abstract Source:

Cytotherapy. 2021 03 ;23(3):242-255. Epub 2021 Jan 15. PMID: 33461863

Abstract Author(s):

Kayleigh M van Megen, Zhuo Chen, Antoinette M Joosten, Sandra Laban, Jaap-Jan Zwaginga, Rama Natarajan, Tatjana Nikolic, Bart O Roep

Article Affiliation:

Kayleigh M van Megen

Abstract:

Autologous, antigen-specific, tolerogenic dendritic cells (tolDCs) are presently assessed to reverse and possibly cure autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). Good Manufacturing Practice production and clinical implementation of such cell therapies critically depend on their stability and reproducible production from healthy donors and, more importantly, patient-derived monocytes. Here the authors demonstrate that tolDCs (modulated using 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and dexamethasone) displayed similar features, including protein, transcriptome and epigenome profiles, between two international clinical centers and between T1D and healthy donors, validating reproducible production. In addition, neither phenotype nor function of tolDCs was affected by repeated stimulation with inflammatory stimuli, underscoring their stability as semi-mature DCs. Furthermore, tolDCs exhibited differential DNA methylation profiles compared with inflammatory mature DCs (mDCs), and this was already largely established prior to maturation, indicating that tolDCs are locked into an immature state. Finally, approximately 80% of differentially expressed known T1D risk genes displayed a corresponding differential DNA methylome in tolDCs versus mDCs and metabolic and immune pathway genes were also differentially methylated and expressed. In summary, tolDCs are reproducible and stable clinical cell products unaffected by the T1D status of donors. The observed stable, semi-mature phenotype and function of tolDCs are exemplified by epigenetic modifications representative of immature-stage cells. Together, the authors' data provide a strong basis for the production and clinical implementation of tolDCs in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as T1D.

Study Type : Human Study

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